From the Annals of Best Intentions – In 1845, the Texas Senate ratified a peace treaty between Anglo settlers and 11 Native American tribes. The treaty was negotiated by Sam Houston whose attitudes towards Native Americans was markedly different than that of the general public based on his years of living with the Cherokee. Houston hoped that the treaty would usher in a new era of peaceful relations between the Anglo-Texan settlers and the tribes still in control of vast areas of the Republic. Had Texas remained an independent country the outcome could have been different. However, with statehood all Indian affairs became the responsibility of the federal government and any chance of peace with the most aggressive tribes such as the Comanche, Kiowa and Wichita was gone.
Image of Sam Houston in Cherokee clothing.