From the Annals of Nascent Revolution – In 1813, the Battle of Medina was fought. The fight was between the Gutierrez-Magee Expedition and Spanish troops and took place some 20 miles south of San Antonio de Bexar. The battle was the end of the effort led by Bernardo Gutierrez de Lara to break Texas away from Spain and declare and independent republic. The expedition was an offshoot of the initial failure of the Mexican War for Independence that began with El Grito by Padred Hidalgo in September 16 , 1810. After some initial success, the expedition was decimated at Medina losing some 1,300 men and effectively ending the revolutionary movement in Texas.