From the Annals of the Police State – In 1873, the Texas state legislature – once again in the hands of the then reactionary and racist Democratic Party – repealed the law that had authorized the State Police. The TSP had been formed during the administration of Governor Edmund J. Davis to combat crime during Reconstruction and the force worked primarily against racially based crimes. Even worse for the unreconstructed Texans was the fact that the force included black police officers. The TSP were replaced by the reformed Texas Rangers. The state would not have another police force until the creation of the Texas Department of Public Safety in 1935. The DPS would not have a black trooper until Adolph Thomas graduated from the DPS Academy in 1969.