From the Annals of Independence – In 1821, the long Mexican fight for independence from Spain came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Cordoba. The treaty was signed by Juan O’Donoju, Captain General of New Spain and met Agustín de Iturbide, General of the Mexican Army of the Three Guarantees. The war had begun on September 16, 1810 when Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issued the famous “El Grito” from the steps of his parish church in Dolores, a small town east of Guanajuato. Spain’s attempt to control Mexico was doomed after former royalist Iturbide came to terms with independence leader Vicente Guerrero in 1820. After 10 years of turmoil and incredible bloodshed from mostly local revolts and guerrilla actions, the unification of the factions effectively ended Spanish control. At the time of the treaty, Spain only controlled Mexico City and Veracruz and the end of colonial rule was inevitable.