From the Annals of Medicine – In 1837, the Congress of the Republic of Texas established the Board of Medical Censors and authorized it to grant licenses to practice medicine and surgery in the republic. The BMC was composed of one physician from each senatorial district who were graduates of medicine and surgery from accredited colleges and universities. Prospective physicians had to pass a test and pay a $20 license fee. Unlicensed physicians were prohibited from collected unpaid fees in Texas courts. The board was to meet once each year but that proved difficult in frontier Texas. The BMC was disbanded upon statehood and the function is now performed by the Board of Medical Examiners.