Today in Texas History – March 20

From the Annals of New Spain –  In 1721, an expedition led by José de Azlor y Virto de Vera, the Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo, crossed the Rio Grande near present day Eagle Pass in an attempt to re-establish Spanish control of East Texas.  The expedition was a response to the French incursion into Texas two years earlier.  Aguayo’s force consisted of about 500 men – called the Battalion of San Miguel de Aragón.  The expedition established a base in San Antonio de Bexar and a small force under command of Domingo Ramón occupied La Bahía del Espíritu Santo near present-day Goliad.  Upon arrival in East Texas, the expedition met no resistance from the French or Native Americans.  In fact, the French commander Louis Juchereau de St. Denis,  agreed to withdraw to Natchitoches.  With the essential mission accomplished, Aguayo left 219 of his force at various presidios in Texas, with the remainder returning to Coahuila.  Aguayo’s expedition increased the number of missions in Texas from two to ten, and established three new presidios.   Spain’s claim to Texas was never again seriously disputed by France.

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