From the Annals of the Anagrams – In 1829, the Mexican government officially changed the name of La Bahía to Villa de Goliad. Coahuila y Texas state legislator Rafael Antonio Manchola had proposed the name change because neither the settlement around the mission and presidio of the same name was not located on “the bay.” He suggested the name of “Goliad” which was a partial anagram to honor Father Hidalgo, one of the leaders of the fight for Mexican independence.
From the Annals of Old Mexico – In 1824, the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas was created when Mexico under the Constitución Federal de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos de 1824. The state of Nuevo Leon was recognized at the same time. The constitution created a federal system of dual sovereignty between the EUM and the individual states. An initial claim made by the Tejanos against the Mexican government after the ascendancy of Santa Anna and the installation of a new centralist form of government was that they were fighting for the reinstitution of the 1824 Constitution. That quickly morphed into a call for complete independence from Mexico – fueled in large part by the desire to escape Mexico’s prohibition against slavery.
From the Annals of New Spain – In 1721, an expedition led by José de Azlor y Virto de Vera, the Marqués de San Miguel de Aguayo, crossed the Rio Grande near present day Eagle Pass in an attempt to re-establish Spanish control of East Texas. The expedition was a response to the French incursion into Texas two years earlier. Aguayo’s force consisted of about 500 men – called the Battalion of San Miguel de Aragón. The expedition established a base in San Antonio de Bexar and a small force under command of Domingo Ramón occupied La Bahía del Espíritu Santo near present-day Goliad. Upon arrival in East Texas, the expedition met no resistance from the French or Native Americans. In fact, the French commander Louis Juchereau de St. Denis, agreed to withdraw to Natchitoches. With the essential mission accomplished, Aguayo left 219 of his force at various presidios in Texas, with the remainder returning to Coahuila. Aguayo’s expedition increased the number of missions in Texas from two to ten, and established three new presidios. Spain’s claim to Texas was never again seriously disputed by France.
From the Annals of Spanish Texas – In 1691, the Domingo Terán de los Ríos was appointed as the first governor of the Spanish province of Coahuila y Tejas. This is considered to be the beginning of Texas as a distinct political entity. Terán was charged with establishing seven missions among the Native Americans of Texas; to investigate troublesome rumors of French settlement on the Texas coast; and to keep records of geography, natives, and products. Teran was experienced in governing the far flung provinces of the Spanish Empire as he had served as Governor of Sonora y Sinaloa in New Spain and had spent many years in Peru. Terán crossed the Rio Grande in May of 1691 and travelled across the state to the Caddo settlements on the Red River. By March 1692 Terán was encamped on Matagorda Bay, where he received instructions from the Viceroy of New Spain to explore the lower Mississippi River. Terán never undertook that project and returned to Veracruz in April. Terán failed to complete any of his intended mission beyond basic exploration. He did not establish any missions and provided very little new information about the region. Terán did write a lengthy report, defending his actions and detailing the dismal situation in East Texas. The primary lasting impact of Teran’s exploration was to name the Texas rivers which continue to bear the names given by members of his expedition. Which is a fitting tribute to a man named de los Rios.
From the Annals of Coahuila y Tejas – In 1825, the Mexican Congreso General passed the State Colonization Law of March 24, 1825. The act was intended to foster migration (particularly from the United States) to the largely uninhabited parts of the state of Coahuila y Tejas. The act had provisions that attracted land-hungry Anglo settlers. They could obtain a square league (approx. 4430 acres) of range land and a labor (177 acres) of farmland for a small price. The act also provided tax relief for a period of time. Immigrants had to swear allegiance to the federal and state constitutions, adopt the Catholic faith and display sound moral principles and good conduct. Person who accepted the terms would be naturalized as Mexican citizens. It was under this act that Empresarios Stephen F. Austin, Green DeWitt and others began Anglo colonization of Texas.